Ecuador 🇪🇨

ECUADOR: ANTICORRUPTION BEST PRACTICES

Ecuador has implemented the following good practices:
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Improving relations with the media - This proposal is based on an understanding of the media as independent actors with power to amplify contrasting messages, crafted thanks to contributions from different sources, hence an active and ongoing relationship with national - and even international - media guides the public on what the technical decisions adopted by the institution mean. Through the Directorate for Inter-Agency Communication, the Comptroller’s Office has established itself as the primary source of information for dealing with the issues on which it is versed.
The Citizen Network for Oversight of the Use of Public Resources approaches the development of proposals to prevent and combat corruption from the perspective of social control and its connection to state control, involving priority target groups. As its main objective, a good practice seeks to encourage the creation of a citizen forum through citizen networks, for promotion, monitoring, and social control of public resources in managing public entities and those managing public resources in the rural parishes of the Metropolitan District of Quito in Pichincha province.
The Catalog of Good Practices for the Staff Hiring and Selection Sub-System is aimed at ensuring transparency and equal opportunity by preventing mistakes or failures in each component of merit and competitive tenders. This good practice could be replicated in other countries, because this Catalog would be a consensus instrument for staff selection processes to be managed transparently; and could serve as input for developing similar instruments in other countries.
Public Ethics and Code of Ethical Conduct Management - The Code of Ethical Conduct is regularly updated, and involves the institution’s entire staff (the last one was done on 9-18-2017). The Code of Ethical Conduct serves as a frame of reference for conduct in certain situations, with a view to ethical and fair conduct, in accordance with ethical and constitutional principles.
Specification of international cooperation and asset recovery techniques, via forfeiture action - Under the Agreement signed between the State Attorney General’s Office and the Basel Institute, a training system was created for staff of the Office of the Prosecutor, as well as for the other state institutions, whereby technology has been introduced into the mechanisms for cooperation in criminal matters on corruption and asset recovery issues, and inquiries generated on legislative and technical issues.
The Internal Revenue Service’s (SRI) SIMAR project focuses on a tracing and traceability system for alcoholic beverages, beers, and cigarettes, to combat international groups seeking to evade and avoid taxes on these products. This project has won recognition as a good practice; was awarded by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2017 for World No Tobacco Day 2017; and in 2018 was recognized as an Exemplary Practice by Organización Líderes para Gobernar. In addition, technical assistance and cooperation has been provided to several countries of the region to implement this practice as well.